Texas County, Missouri

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Texas County is a county located in South Central Missouri in the United States. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the county's population was 23,003. A 2008 estimate, however, showed the population to be 24,598. Its county seat is Houston[1]. The county was organized in 1843 as Ashley County, changing its name in 1845 to Texas, after the Republic of Texas.



Texas County, the largest of Missouri’s 114 counties, comprises 1,179 square miles (3,050 km2) of Ozark Highland. With the same name as the second largest of the fifty U.S. states, larger than the smallest State (Rhode Island 1,045 square miles (2,710 km2), in terms of total land area.

When formed in 1843, it was named after William H. Ashley, the first lieutenant governor of Missouri, but when the county was officially organized on February 14, 1845, it was renamed for the Republic of Texas.

A seat of justice for the county was laid out in 1846 near the center of the county on Brushy Creek and named Houston for the first president of the Texas Republic. The present Texas County Courthouse, built in 1932, is the county’s sixth. It was remodeled in 1977 and again in 2007. Rugged hills, springs, creeks, rivers and caves abound in Texas County. The Native Americans were here in 1826. There have been many mounds found in the county as proof of Native Americans inhabitants. Native American paintings remain upon various bluffs over ancient campsites. The area was part of the 1808 Osage Native American land cession.

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