Thames and Severn Canal

related topics
{line, north, south}
{build, building, house}
{company, market, business}
{island, water, area}
{war, force, army}
{water, park, boat}
{work, book, publish}
{city, large, area}

The Thames and Severn Canal is a (former) canal in Gloucestershire in the south of England, completed in 1789. Its eastern end is Inglesham Lock near Lechlade[1] where it connects with the River Thames. Its western end is Wallbridge near Stroud, where it connects with the end of the Stroudwater Navigation.[2] It has one short arm (branch), from Siddington to the town of Cirencester.

Competition from the railways removed much of the canal's traffic by the end of the 19th century, and most of the canal was abandoned in 1927, the remainder in 1941. Since 1972, the Cotswold Canal Trust has been working to restore the canal as a navigation, with some sections now in water. The intention is to re-open the whole canal, although some major engineering obstacles will need to be overcome to achieve this.

Contents

History

An Act for the construction of the canal was passed in 1783.[3] Josiah Clowes was appointed head engineer, surveyor and carpenter to the canal in 1783 to assist Robert Whitworth. Clowes became resident engineer and was paid £300 per year. Clowes' work on the canal gave him a reputation which made him highly sought after in the last five years of his life. He left the construction of the canal shortly before completion to work on Dudley Tunnel.[4]

The canal was completed in 1789 at a cost of £250,000.[5] With the Stroudwater Navigation, which had been completed in 1779, it completed a link between the River Severn and the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal in the west and the River Thames in the east. Both the Stroudwater Navigation and Thames and Severn Canal are "broad canals". This means that boats with a 14 ft (4.3 m) beam could use them.

The Thames and Severn Canal was just under 28.7 miles (46.2 km) long and had 44 locks.[6] The branch to Cirencester added a further 1.5 miles (2.4 km).[6] The canal's summit is 363 feet (111 m) above sea level and includes the 2.1-mile (3.4 km) Sapperton Tunnel. At the time of its completion, this tunnel was the longest in England.

Full article ▸

related documents
Wyrley and Essington Canal
Baikal Amur Mainline
Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway
Illinois and Michigan Canal
Stratford-upon-Avon Canal
Calder and Hebble Navigation
Bridgwater and Taunton Canal
River Gipping
Chicago River
Infinite Corridor
Bound Brook, New Jersey
New Jersey Route 55
River Wensum
Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal
Glen Lyon, Pennsylvania
Thomas Bouch
Interstate 16
Hammersmith & City line
Dorset and Somerset Canal
New Jersey Route 5
New Jersey Route 70
New Jersey Route 45
Au Sable River (Michigan)
New Jersey Route 7
New Jersey Route 29
Avon Water
Great River Road
Hastings, Minnesota
Interstate 59
New Jersey Route 10