The Yeomen of the Guard

related topics
{son, year, death}
{album, band, music}
{film, series, show}
{god, call, give}
{war, force, army}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{church, century, christian}
{disease, patient, cell}
{black, white, people}
{line, north, south}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

The Yeomen of the Guard, or The Merryman and his Maid, is a Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert. It premiered at the Savoy Theatre on 3 October 1888, and ran for 423 performances. This was the eleventh collaboration of fourteen between Gilbert and Sullivan.

The opera is set in the Tower of London, during the 16th century, and is the darkest, and perhaps most emotionally engaging, of the Savoy Operas, ending with a broken-hearted main character and two very reluctant engagements, rather than the usual numerous marriages. The libretto does contain considerable humour, including a lot of pun-laden one-liners, but Gilbert's trademark satire and topsy-turvy plot complications are subdued in comparison with the other Gilbert and Sullivan operas. The dialogue, though in prose, is quasi-Shakespearian, or early modern English, in style.

Critics considered the score to be Sullivan's finest, including its overture, which is in sonata form, rather than being written as a sequential pot-pourri of tunes from the opera, as in most of the other Gilbert and Sullivan overtures. This was the first Savoy Opera to use Sullivan's larger orchestra, including a second bassoon and third trombone. Most of Sullivan's subsequent operas, including those not composed with Gilbert as librettist, use this larger orchestra.



Genesis of the opera

When the previous Gilbert and Sullivan opera, Ruddigore, finished its run at the Savoy Theatre, no new Gilbert and Sullivan opera was ready, and for nearly a year the stage was devoted to revivals of such old successes as H.M.S. Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado. For several years leading up to the premiere of Yeomen, Sullivan had expressed the desire to leave his partnership with W.S. Gilbert in order to turn to writing grand opera and other serious works full time. Before the premiere of Yeomen, Sullivan had recently been lauded for the successful oratorio The Golden Legend and would produce his grand opera, Ivanhoe, only 15 months after Yeomen.

Full article ▸

related documents
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Ludwig van Beethoven
Vanity Fair
Robert Burns
Constantijn Huygens
Ludwig II of Bavaria
Mary of Teck
Henry IV of England
Charles X of France
Alexander Pope
Unity Mitford
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Grace O'Malley
Prince William of Wales
Henry VII of England
John Donne
The Merchant of Venice
Walter Raleigh
Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Ernest Shackleton
Pedro I of Brazil
Joyce Kilmer
Elizabeth Woodville
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh