Thomas Gresham

related topics
{son, year, death}
{land, century, early}
{law, state, case}
{company, market, business}
{build, building, house}
{@card@, make, design}
{specie, animal, plant}

Sir Thomas Gresham (c. 1519 – 21 November 1579) was an English merchant and financier who worked for King Edward VI of England and for Edward's half-sisters, Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I.


Family and childhood

Born in London and descended from an old Norfolk family, Gresham was one of two sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Gresham, a leading London merchant, who for some time held the office of Lord Mayor, and who for his services as agent of Henry VIII in negotiating loans with foreign merchants received the honour of knighthood. Though his father intended him to follow his own profession, he nevertheless sent him for some time to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge,[1] but no information survives as to the duration of his residence. Either before or after this he became apprentice to his uncle Sir John Gresham, also a merchant, who founded Gresham's School in Holt, Norfolk in 1555: we have his own testimony that he served an apprenticeship of eight years.

Agent in the Low Countries

In 1543 the Mercers Company admitted the 24-year-old Gresham as a liveryman, and in the same year he went to the Low Countries, where, either on his own account or on that of his father or uncle, he both carried on business as a merchant and acted in various matters as an agent for King Henry VIII. In 1544 he married Anne Fernley, the widow of William Read, a London merchant, but he still continued to reside principally in the Low Countries, having his headquarters at Antwerp in present-day Belgium, where he played the market skillfully.

Full article ▸

related documents
Napoleon II of France
Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte
Isabella d'Este
William I of Scotland
Justin I
Hortense de Beauharnais
John VI of Portugal
Emperor Heizei
Bess of Hardwick
Princess Christina of the Netherlands
John Hunter (surgeon)
Anne of Austria
Edgar of Scotland
José Zorrilla y Moral
Eustace II of Boulogne
John II of Aragon
Feodor III of Russia
Frederick Augustus II of Saxony
House of Valois
Winifred Wagner
Alexander I of Scotland
Tsuguharu Foujita
Thomas Kyd
Pepin of Herstal
Leopold I of Belgium