Tibet Autonomous Region

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The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), Tibet for short, also called the Xizang Autonomous Region (Tibetan: Tibet Autonomous Region name.svg; simplified Chinese: 西藏自治区) is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC) created in 1965.

Within the People's Republic of China, Tibet is identified with the Autonomous Region, which includes about half of ethno-cultural Tibet, including the traditional provinces of Ü-Tsang and the western half of Kham. Its borders coincide roughly with the actual zone of control of the government of Tibet in 1950. The Tibet Autonomous Region is the second-largest province-level division of China by area (spanning over 470,000 sq mi/1,200,000 km2) after Xinjiang. Unlike other autonomous regions, the vast majority of inhabitants are of the local ethnicity.

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History

From 1912 to 1950, the present extent of the Tibet Autonomous Region (comprising Ü-Tsang and western Kham) was ruled by the government of Tibet headed by the Dalai Lama. Other parts of ethno-cultural Tibet (eastern Kham and Amdo) had not been under the administration of the Tibetan government since the mid-eighteenth century;[3] today they are distributed among the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan. (See also: Xikang province)

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