Ticonderoga, New York

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Ticonderoga is a town in Essex County, New York, USA. The population was 5,167 at the 2000 census. The name comes from the Mohawk tekontaró:ken, meaning "it is at the junction of two waterways".[2]

The town of Ticonderoga is in the southeastern part of the county and is south of Plattsburgh.

Contents

History

The crossing between Lakes George and Champlain had been used by natives for thousands of years. In the 17th Century, French explorers such as Samuel de Champlain probably knew the town.

The town was located on the direct route, utilizing rivers and two long lakes, between New York City to the south and the French settlement of Montreal to the north. The town was the setting for historic battles and maneuvers during both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. The site of Fort Ticonderoga, formerly known as Fort Carillon, marked the location of an important portage between Lake George and Lake Champlain.

The town of Ticonderoga was formed in 1804 from part of the town of Crown Point. By the end of the 18th Century, town was noted for wood products such as paper and lead pencils. The position of the now former Ticonderoga village at the north end of Lake George made it an important port.

Historical Fort Ticonderoga is in this town, east of the former village of Ticonderoga.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 88.3 square miles (228.6 km²), of which, 81.8 square miles (211.8 km²) is land and 6.5 square miles (16.8 km²)(7.36%) is water.

The town borders both north end of Lake George and south end of Lake Champlain. The short, but rapidly flowing, La Chute River connects the two lakes. The east town line is the border of Vermont, and the south town line is the county line of Warren County and Washington County.

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