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Timothy (Greek: Τιμόθεος; Timótheos, meaning "honouring God"[1]) was a first-century Christian bishop who died about AD 80. The New Testament indicates that Timothy traveled with Saint Paul, who was also his mentor. He is addressed as the recipient of two Pauline epistles.



Timothy is mentioned in the Bible at the time of Paul's second visit to Lystra, where Timothy is mentioned as a "disciple".[2] Paul, impressed by his "own son in the faith," arranged that he should become his companion. He had not however been circumcised , and Paul now ensured that this was done, to ensure Timothy’s acceptability to the Jews. It has been suggested[3] that Paul performed the operation himself, but this is unlikely, and nowhere attested. He was ordained[4] and went with Paul on his journeys through Phrygia, Galatia, Mysia, Troas, Philippi, Veria, and Corinth. His mother, Eunice, and his grandmother, Lois, are noted as eminent for their piety and faith,[5] which indicates that they may have also been Christians. Timothy is praised by Paul for his knowledge of the Scriptures, and is said to have been acquainted with the Scriptures since childhood.[6] Little is known about Timothy's father; only that he was Greek.[7]

According to later tradition, Paul consecrated Timothy as bishop of Ephesus in the year 65, where he served for 15 years. In the year 80 (though some sources place the event during the year 97, with Timothy dying at age 80), Timothy tried to halt a pagan procession of idols, ceremonies, and songs. In response to his preaching of the gospel, the angry pagans beat him, dragged him through the streets, and stoned him to death. In the 4th century, his relics were transferred to the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.


Timothy is venerated as an apostle, saint and martyr by the Eastern Orthodox Church, with his feast day on 22 January. The Roman Catholic calendar of saints venerates Timothy together with Titus with a memorial on 26 January. In the General Roman Calendar of 1962, his feast, a third class, is kept on 24 January. Along with Titus and Silas, he is commemorated by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and The Episcopal Church on 26 January. Timothy's feast is kept by the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod on 24 January.

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