Titanium

related topics
{acid, form, water}
{@card@, make, design}
{ship, engine, design}
{company, market, business}
{disease, patient, cell}
{car, race, vehicle}
{build, building, house}
{system, computer, user}
{service, military, aircraft}
{water, park, boat}
{god, call, give}
{area, part, region}

Titanium (play /tˈtniəm/ tye-TAY-nee-əm) is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. Sometimes called the "space age metal",[2] it has a low density and is a strong, lustrous, corrosion-resistant (including sea water, aqua regia and chlorine) transition metal with a silver color.

Titanium was discovered in Cornwall, England, by William Gregor in 1791 and named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth for the Titans of Greek mythology.

The element occurs within a number of mineral deposits, principally rutile and ilmenite, which are widely distributed in the Earth's crust and lithosphere, and it is found in almost all living things, rocks, water bodies, and soils.[3] The metal is extracted from its principal mineral ores via the Kroll process[4] or the Hunter process. Its most common compound, titanium dioxide, is a popular photocatalyst and is used in the manufacture of white pigments.[5] Other compounds include titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4), a component of smoke screens and catalysts; and titanium trichloride (TiCl3), which is used as a catalyst in the production of polypropylene).[3]

Full article ▸

related documents
Cement
Hydrogen peroxide
Ligand
Azeotrope
Carbon nanotube
Alcohol
Hydrochloric acid
Calcium carbonate
Lawrencium
Adenosine triphosphate
Boron
Polychlorinated biphenyl
Chemistry
Concentration
Distillation
Sodium
Isotope separation
Timeline of chemical elements discoveries
Cytosol
Metallic bond
Radon
Technetium
Cell nucleus
Organic chemistry
Ununbium
Aluminium
Enriched uranium
Graphite
Incandescent light bulb
Iron