Todd County, South Dakota

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Todd County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. The county lies entirely within the Rosebud Indian Reservation and is coterminous with the main reservation (exclusive of off-reservation trust lands, which lie in four nearby counties). By per capita income, is the 5th poorest county in the nation. As of 2000, the population is 9,050. The county is named after John Blair Smith Todd (April 4, 1814 – January 5, 1872) who was a delegate from Dakota Territory to the United States House of Representatives[2] and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was a cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln.

Todd County is one of two counties in South Dakota that does not have its own county seat (Shannon County is the other). Winner in neighboring Tripp County serves as its administrative center.[3] It is also one of five South Dakota counties that lie entirely within an Indian reservation. (The others are Corson, Dewey, Shannon, and Ziebach.)

Until 1981 Todd, Shannon and Washabaugh County, South Dakota, were the last unorganized counties in the United States. Although then organized, Todd did not receive a home rule charter until 1983. As noted above, it contracts with Tripp County for its Auditor, Treasurer, and Registrar of Deeds.[4]



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,391 square miles (3,602 km²), of which 1,388 square miles (3,595 km²) is land and 3 square miles (7 km²) (0.20%) is water.


The county is divided into two areas of unorganized territory: East Todd and West Todd.

Major highways

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