Toluca, Illinois

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Toluca is a city in Marshall County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,339 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Peoria, Illinois [[Peoria metropolitan area|Metropolitan Statistical Area



Toluca is located at 41°0′12″N 89°8′0″W / 41.00333°N 89.133333°W / 41.00333; -89.133333 (41.003368, -89.133244).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.7 km²), all of it land.


Toluca was established in 1887 as a stop on the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway, on land owned by Marshall County native William Twist. In that year, local farmers led by Twist requested that the railroad make Toluca a regular stop. Their request was granted. With the backing of a Chicago firm, a grain elevator was built and maintained by Thomas Colehower of Long Point, Illinois. Colehower built the first house in the area of Toluca now called Old Town. In 1892, the Devlin Coal Company began mining coal at Toluca.[2][unreliable source?]

The population of Toluca had increased to 3,500 by 1894 and it was incorporated as a city. Its growth continued, fueled by immigrants from Poland, Italy, and Lithuania who came to work in the coal mines. In 1907, it had approximately 6,000 inhabitants. But by 1924, the coal mines were unprofitable and they closed down. The population shrank drastically as a result.[2][unreliable source?]


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,339 people, 581 households, and 343 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,260.9 people per square mile (487.7/km²). There were 633 housing units at an average density of 596.1/sq mi (230.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.13% White, 5.07% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.60% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0% of the population.

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