La Tomatina is a festival that is held in the Valencian town of Buñol, in which participants throw tomatoes at each other. It is held the last Wednesday in August, during the week of festivities of Buñol.
In 1944, during a parade of gigantes y cabezudos, young men who wanted to participate in the event staged a brawl. Since there was a vegetable stand nearby, they picked up tomatoes and used them as weapons. The police had to intervene to break up the fight, and forced those responsible to pay the damages incurred.
The following year the young people repeated the fight, only this time brought their own tomatoes from home. They were again dispersed by the police. After repeating this in subsequent years, the party was, albeit unofficially, established.
Changes throughout its history
In 1950, the council allowed the party to happen. However they opposed it the next year, and some participants were detained. These people were quickly released thanks to pressure from all neighbors.
The festival was finally allowed, and the launch of tomatoes were added other ways, such as spraying water and even getting it in fountains of rivals. Between the noise, participants typically primed with those who were mere spectators, including relevant personalities, so in 1957 it returned to the festival banned under penalties, including imprisonment. In that year, the neighborhood decided to organize what they called "the funeral of tomato", which came in a procession carrying a coffin with a great tomato, accompanied by a band that played funeral marches in its path.
In 1959 the town finally approved the Tomatina, but imposed a rule that people could only throw tomatoes after a horn sounded a case and should end when it sounded a second time.
Between 1975 and 1980 the festival was organized by the ordeal(?) of San Luis Bertran, who were those who took the tomatoes, because before each participant bringing their own home. The party became popular in Spain thanks to Javier Basilio report issued in the RTVE Informe Semanal in 1983.
Since 1980 the City Council who provides participants tomatoes, each year greater than the number of tons of tomatoes used, as well as visitors and in 2002 it was declared a Fiesta of International Tourist Interest. From 2008 has soundtrack, the song of the Tomatina "Todo es del mismo color" created by the bunyolense rock band "Malsujeto".
Around 10 am begins the first event of the Tomatina. It is the "palo jabón", similar to the greasy pole, which is to climb a greased pole with a ham on top. As this happens, the group works in a frenzy of singing and dancing while showering with hoses. Once someone is able to drop the ham off the bat, given the starting signal. The signal for the onset is at about 11 when the casing rings, and chaos begins.
Several trucks throw tomatoes in abundance in the Plaza del Pueblo. The tomatoes come from Extremadura, where they are less expensive and are grown specifically for the holidays, as they are not in good taste for consumption. For the participants the use of goggles and gloves is recommended. The tomatoes must be crushed before being thrown as to not hurt anyone.
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