Toole County, Montana

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Toole County is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of Montana. It was established in 1914 from parts of Hill County and Teton County and is named for Joseph Toole, Montana's first governor. The population was 5,267 as of the 2000 census. Its county seat is Shelby.[1]



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,946 square miles (5,040 km²), of which, 1,911 square miles (4,949 km²) of it is land and 35 square miles (90 km²) of it (1.79%) is water.

Its northern boundary is the Canadian border. A part of its southern boundary is formed by Maria's River, which flows through the south-eastern portion. In the eastern part are several creeks, the largest of which is Willow, which rises in the Sweet Grass hills and follows a southerly course through the county. In the Sweet Grass hills and elsewhere indications of oil and gas have been found.

Adjacent counties


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 5,267 people, 1,962 households, and 1,308 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,300 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.89% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 3.19% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.0% were of German, 19.4% Norwegian, 10.2% Irish, 8.3% American and 8.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.7% spoke English, 4.2% German and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

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