Township

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The word township is used to refer to different kinds of settlements in different countries. Township is generally associated with an urban area.[citation needed] However there are many exceptions to this rule. In Australia, the United States, and Canada, they are invariably settlements too small to be considered urban. In the Scottish Highlands the term describes a very small agrarian community, usually a local rural or semi-rural government within a county.[citation needed]

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Australia

In Australia the designation of "township" traditionally refers to a small town—a small community in a rural district: such a place in Britain might qualify as a village or a hamlet. The term refers purely to the settlement; it does not refer to a unit of government. Townships are governed as part of a larger (e.g. shire or city) council.

Canada

In Canada, two kinds of township occur in common use. These correspond to the civil townships and survey townships in the United States.

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