Transport in Afghanistan

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{line, north, south}
{service, military, aircraft}
{city, large, area}
{island, water, area}
{company, market, business}
{war, force, army}
{car, race, vehicle}
{water, park, boat}

Transportation in Afghanistan is limited and still in the developing stages, which serves a population of about 29 million people. Landlocked Afghanistan has no seaports but the Amu Darya (Oxus) River, which forms part of the nation's border with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, does have barge traffic. Rebuilding of airports, roads, and a railway line has led to rapid economic boost in the country in the last five years. Much of Afghanistan's road network was built during the 1960s. New national highways, roads, and bridges have been rebuilt in recent years to help increase travel as well as trade with neighboring countries. The nation has about 53 airports, which have been built within the last 50 years.[1]

Contents

Highways

History

Most road building occurred in the 1960s, funded by the United States and the Soviet Union. The Soviets built a road and tunnel through the Salang pass in 1964, connecting northern and southern Afghanistan. A highway connecting the principal cities of Herat, Kandahar, Ghazni, and Kabul with links to highways in neighboring Pakistan formed the primary road system.

The network includes 12,350 kilometers of paved roads and 29,800 kilometers of unpaved roads, for an approximate total road system of 42,150 kilometers as of 2006.[2]

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