Railway acts as an important method of mass transport in Bangladesh. Many districts of the country are connected via railroads. Bangladesh Railway was mostly inherited from the British-established Assam Bengal railway system after the partition of India in 1947. Bangladesh Railway's headquarters are located in the southern port city of Chittagong, which had historically been the south-eastern terminus of the Assam-Bengal Railway. After independence from West Pakistan in 1971, only a small length of new tracks were laid out.
As of 2005, the total length of railroad is 2,706 kilometres (1,681 mi). Of that, 923 km (574 mi) are 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) (broad gauge) tracks (mostly in the western region), and the remaining 1,822 km (1,132 mi) are metre gauge tracks (mostly in the central and eastern regions). The gauge problem is being addressed by adding third rails to the most important broad and metre gauge routes, so that they become dual gauge.
A major road-rail bridge at Jamuna opened in 1998 to connect the previously isolated east and west rail networks.
The border between India and Bangladesh cuts across rail lines, forcing them into the other country for short distances. This complicates border controls such as passport validation.
There are 5,150–8,046 km (3,200–5,000 mi) of navigable waterways (includes 2,575–3,058 km/1,600–1,900 mi of main cargo routes).
Because of Bangladesh's many rivers, ferries are a major form of transportation. These ferries are notoriously dangerous. They are often overloaded, and they continue to operate during rough weather. Hundreds of people die each year in ferry accidents. Many types of boats are also used for transportation.
- Natural gas-3,364 km (2008)
Ports and harbors
The International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial waters of Bangladesh as high risk for armed robbery against ships; numerous commercial vessels have been attacked both at anchor and while underway; crews have been robbed and stores or cargoes stolen
county comparison to the world: 139
Airports with paved runways
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,438 m: 5
914 to 15,23 m: 1
under 914 m: 6 (2008)
Airports with unpaved runways
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2008)
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
Full article ▸