Transport in Germany

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As a densely populated country in a central location in Europe and with a developed economy, Germany has a dense and modern transportation infrastructure.

The first highway system to have been built, the extensive German Autobahn network famously features sections where no speed limit is in force. The country's most important waterway is the river Rhine. The largest port is that of Hamburg. Frankfurt Airport is a major international airport and European transportation hub. Air travel is used for greater distances within Germany but faces competition from the state-owned Deutsche Bahn's rail network. High-speed trains, called ICE connect cities for passenger travel. Many German cities have rapid transit systems and Public transport is available in most areas.

Since German Reunification substantial efforts have been necessary to improve and expand the transportation infrastructure in what had previously been East Germany.[1]


Road and automotive transport

The volume of traffic in Germany, especially goods transportation, is at a very high level due to its central location in Europe. In the past few decades, much of the freight traffic shifted from rail to road, which led the Federal Government to introduce a motor toll for trucks in 2005. Individual road usage increased resulting in a relatively high traffic density to other nations. A further increase of traffic is expected in the future.

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