Transport in Iceland

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The modes of transport in Iceland are governed by the country’s rugged terrain and sparse population. The principal mode of personal transport is the car. There are no public railways — although there are bus services. Transport from one major town to another, for example Reykjavík to Akureyri, may be by aeroplane on a domestic flight. The only way of getting in and out of the country is by air and sea. The country's population is largely concentrated in the southwestern corner of the country, the Greater Reykjavík Area is home to two thirds of the population, and so is much of the country's transport infrastructure.

Contents

Rail

Iceland has no public railways, although proposals to build a passenger line between Keflavík and Reykjavík have been made as well as proposals to build a light rail system in Reykjavík.[1] Several former locomotive-powered and hand-operated railways have closed and been dismantled, although some evidence of their existence remains in museums and as static exhibits.

Road

Iceland has 12,869 kilometres (7,996 mi) of publicly administrated roads, 5,040 kilometres (3,130 mi) of which are paved.[2] Organized road building began about 1900 and has greatly expanded since 1980. Vegagerðin (Icelandic Roads Administration) is the legal owner and constructor of the roads, and oversees and maintains them as well.

Sea

The major harbours in Iceland are:

Merchant marine:
total: 3 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 13,085 GRT/16,938 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: chemical tanker 1, container ship 1, petroleum tanker 1 (1999 est.)

Transport ferries: The only habitable islands around Iceland are supplied and infrastructurally connected with the mainland via ferries witch run regularly. Those islands are:

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