Transport in North Korea

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{city, large, area}
{company, market, business}
{ship, engine, design}
{service, military, aircraft}
{line, north, south}
{island, water, area}
{car, race, vehicle}
{country, population, people}
{village, small, smallsup}

The standard route to and from North Korea is by plane or train through Beijing, People's Republic of China. Transport directly to and from South Korea has been possible on a limited scale from 2003 until 2008, when a road was opened (bus tours, no private cars).

Contents

Roads

Fuel constraints and the near absence of private automobiles have relegated road transportation to a secondary role. The road network was estimated to be around 31,200km in 1999 up from between 23,000 and 30,000km in 1990, of which only 1,717 kilometers—7.5 percent—are paved; the rest are of dirt, crushed stone, or gravel, and are poorly maintained. There are three major multilane highways: a 200-kilometer expressway connecting P'yongyang and Wonsan on the east coast, a forty-three-kilometer expressway connecting P'yongyang and its port, Namp'o, and a four-lane 100- kilometer motorway linking P'yongyang and Kaesong. The overwhelming majority of the estimated 264,000 vehicles in use in 1990 were for the military. Rural bus service connects all villages, and cities have bus and tram services. Since 1945/1946, there is right-hand traffic on roads.

A highway outside of Pyongyang

Roadworks in North Korea. The blue truck in the foreground is a Chinese-made Dongfeng

A main road in Pyongyang

A side road in Kaesong

Public transport

There is a mix of locally built and imported trolleybuses and trams in the major urban centres of North Korea. Earlier fleets were obtained from Europe and China, but a trade embargo has forced North Korea to build their own vehicles.

Pyongyang tram in 2009

Trolleybus near Pyongyang Railway Station in 2007

Former Zurich type Be 4/4 tram on the Kumsusan Memorial Palace line

A Pyongyang Trolleybus Works Chongnyonjunwi

Railways

Railways of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Choson Cul Minzuzui Inmingonghoagug is the only rail operator in North Korea. It has a network of 5,200 km or track with 4,500 km in Standard gauge[1]. There is a small narrow gauge railway in operation in Haeju peninsula.[1]. As of 2006, approximately 67% or 3,500 km is electrified.

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