Transport in Peru

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total: 1,988 km
standard gauge: 1,608 km, 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) gauge
narrow gauge: 380 km, 3 ft  (914 mm) gauge

There are two unconnected principal railways in Peru.

The Ferrocarril Central Andino (FCCA; the former Ferrocarril Central del Perú) runs inland from Callao and Lima across the Andes watershed to La Oroya and Huancayo. It is the second highest railway in the world (following opening of the Qingzang railway in Tibet), with the Galera summit tunnel under Mount Meiggs at 4,783 m (15,692 ft) and Galera station at 4,777 m (15,673 ft) above sea level. In 1955 the railway opened a spur line from La Cima on the Morococha branch (4,818 m (15,807 ft) above sea level) to Volcán Mine, reaching an (at the time) world record altitude of 4,830 m (15,846 ft). Both branch and spur have since closed to traffic.[1] From Huancayo the route is extended by the Ferrocarril Huancayo - Huancavelica. In July 2006 FCCA began work to regauge the Huancavelica line from 3 ft (0.91 m) to standard gauge and it was finished in 2010. There was also a proposal for a 21 km tunnel under the Andes.[2]

The Ferrocarriles del Sur del Perú (FCS), now operated by PeruRail, runs from the coast at Matarani to Cuzco, and to Puno on Lake Titicaca. From Cuzco, PeruRail runs the 3 ft (0.91 m) gauge line to Aguas Calientes for Machu Picchu.[3]

Rail links with other countries

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