Transport in Slovenia

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total: 1,229 km operated by Slovenian Railways
standard gauge: 1,229 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge (electrified 503,5 km) (2004)

Railway links with adjacent countries

Roads

total: 20,155 km
paved: 18,381 km (including 504 km of expressways)
unpaved: 1,774 km (2004 est.)

Roads in Slovenia are under the auspices of the Slovenian Roads Agency, a body within the Ministry of Transport. The basic two categories are:

  • state roads
    • highways (see below)
  • municipal roads

The Statistical Office[1] recorded in 2007:

  • 6,476 kilometres of state roads
  • 32,233 kilometres of municipal roads

Highways

The first highway in Slovenia, the A1, was opened in 1970. It connects Vrhnika and Postojna. Constructed under the liberal minded government of Stane Kavčič their development plan envisioned a modern highway network spanning Slovenia and connecting the republic to Italy and Austria. After the liberal fraction of the Communist Party of Slovenia was deposed, expansion of the Slovenian highway network came to a halt. In the 90s the new country started the 'National Programme of Highway Construction', effectively re-using the old communist plans. Since then about 400 km of motorways, expressways and similar roads have been completed, easing automotive transport across the country and providing a strong road service between eastern and western Europe. This has provide a boost to the national economy, encouraging the development of transportation and export industries.

There are two types of highways in Slovenia. Avtocesta (abbr. AC) are dual carriage way motorways with a speed limit of 130 km/h. They have green road signs as in Italy, Croatia and other countries. A hitra cesta (HC) is a secondary road also a dual carriageway but without a hard shoulder for emergencies. They have a speed limit of 100 km/h and have blue road signs.

Since the 1st June 2008 highway users in Slovenia have been required to buy a vignette. This system was investigated by the EU Commission that it was unfair upon holiday makers and other non Slovenian users of the highway system. On 28 January 2010, after short-term vignettas were introduced by Slovenia and some other changes were made to the Slovenian vignette system, the European Commission concluded that the vignette system is in accordance with the European law.[2]

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