Transport in the Netherlands

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Rail transport for public transport is operated mainly by Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS), minor parts by Arriva, Syntus, Connexxion, DB Regionalbahn Westfalen, Veolia Transport Nederland[1] and Prignitzer Eisenbahn (PE Holding AG, Arriva) (for the latter two, see Enschede). The Dutch rail network is the busiest network in the entire world.

Public transport in general

Metros and trams usually run from around 06:00 until midnight. There are night buses in a number of cities, but only on Friday and Saturday night in the smaller ones. Sometimes these will only run during the first part of the night, or in one direction only; e.g. the Connexxion-Niteliner.

A public transport pass for train (2nd class), bus, metro and tram OV-Jaarabonnement (nl) costs €3876.50/year (2009). It is also valid on the Veolia Transport Fast Ferries Vlissingen-Breskens, the Fast Flying Ferry Amsterdam-IJmuiden, and the Waterbus routes Rotterdam-Dordrecht, Dordrecht-Zwijndrecht, Dordrecht-Papendrecht, and Dordrecht-Sliedrecht. It is not valid on most other ferries, nor on the Thalys. Night services by train are included, those by bus are not. Students can get an OV-card for free, either one valid on weekdays, or one valid in weekends. On the HSL-Zuid there is a surcharge of approximately 60% of the full price of a ticket for a regular train, although this surcharge is not applicable (on the FYRA trains) to holders of a transport pass, and if paid can be reclaimed at a NS station.

Other public transport

All metros and trams and almost all buses share the National Tariff System (nl) . For buses exceptions are:

  • neighborhood buses (small 8-person vans driven by mostly elderly volunteers in lowly populated areas; operated by bus companies but with different tariff system)
  • night buses
  • some bus services that are mainly for pleasure, such as serving an amusement park or beaches, e.g.:

Metro

(all 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (standard gauge)

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