Tremont, Maine

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{land, century, early}
{township, household, population}
{town, population, incorporate}
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{water, park, boat}
{island, water, area}
{city, large, area}
{village, small, smallsup}

Tremont is a town in Hancock County, Maine, United States. It is located on the southwestern side of Mount Desert Island, known to locals as "the quietside."[1]

Tremont includes the villages of Bass Harbor (or McKinley), Bernard, Gotts Island, Seal Cove and West Tremont. Part of Acadia National Park lies within the town. Bass Harbor is the terminal for the Swan's Island ferry and the Frenchboro ferry. The population was 1,529 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Settled in 1762, it was incorporated on June 3, 1848 as Mansel, the name given the island by John Winthrop's company of emigrants to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Two months later, on August 8 it was renamed Tremont, which means "three mountains" in French. By 1880, when the population was 2,011, the town had a sawmill, shipyard, gristmill, shingle mill and brickyard. Fishing and fish curing were the principal industries. Today, tourism is important to the economy.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.4 square miles (135.7 km²), of which, 16.9 square miles (43.7 km²) of it is land and 35.5 square miles (92.0 km²) of it (67.84%) is water. Located on southwestern Mount Desert Island, Tremont is beside Blue Hill Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.

The town is crossed by state routes 102 and 102A. It borders the towns of Mount Desert to the north and Southwest Harbor to the east.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,529 people, 662 households, and 436 families residing in the town. The population density was 90.7 people per square mile (35.0/km²). There were 1,075 housing units at an average density of 63.8/sq mi (24.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.04% White, 0.33% African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population.

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