Trial of the Twenty-One

related topics
{law, state, case}
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{day, year, event}
{theory, work, human}
{son, year, death}
{black, white, people}
{god, call, give}
{film, series, show}
{water, park, boat}

The Trial of the Twenty-One was the last of the Moscow Trials, show trials of prominent Bolsheviks, including the Old Bolsheviks. The Trial of the Twenty-One took place in Moscow in March 1938, towards the end of Stalin's Great Purge.


The Trial

The third show trial, in March 1938, known as The Trial of the Twenty-One, is the most famous of Soviet show trials because of persons involved and the scope of charges which tied together all loose threads from earlier show trials. It included 21 defendants alleged to belong to the so-called "Bloc of Rightists and Trotskyites":

They were all proclaimed members of the "right Trotskyist bloc" that intended to overthrow socialism and restore capitalism in Russia, among other things.

Meant to be the culmination of previous trials, it now alleged that Bukharin and others committed the following crimes:

All confessed to these charges during the show trial with few notable exceptions.

Even sympathetic observers who stomached the earlier trials found it hard to swallow new charges as they became ever more absurd and the purge by now expanded to include virtually every living Old Bolshevik leaders except Stalin. For some prominent former communists such as Bertram Wolfe, Jay Lovestone, Arthur Koestler, and Heinrich Brandler, the Bukharin trial marked their final break with communism and even turned the first three into fervent anti-Communists.[1]

Full article ▸

related documents
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Rogue state
Nicholas Ribic
Spiegel scandal
Assured destruction
Stimson Doctrine
Macon's Bill Number 2
Lillehammer affair
International judicial institution
Court of Chivalry
Norris-La Guardia Act
McCarran Internal Security Act
Negligence per se
European Communities Act 1972 (UK)
Deed poll
Munn v. Illinois
Communications Act of 1934
Force Bill
Samuel D. Waksal
Foreign Sales Corporation
Archibald Cox
Fletcher v. Peck
Government Communications Headquarters
Sudan Peace Act
Good faith
Personal property
Lavon Affair
Brocard (legal term)
Exit procedure