Trip hop

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Trip hop is a music genre consisting of downtempo electronic music. It began in the mid-1990s, growing out of England's hip hop and house scenes, including that of the the Bristol underground. It has been described as "Europe's alternative choice in the second half of the '90s", and a fusion "of Hip-Hop and Electronica until neither genre is recognizable."[1]

James Lavelle, founding member of UNKLE and owner of the trip hop label Mo'Wax, stated in 1994,

An absence of vocals in trip hop (in its earliest days) led it to find its own voice by replacing vocals with more abstract sounds and having less of a focus on imitating American hip hop.[2]



Trip hop originated in the mid-1990s in Bristol, England,[3] during a time when American hip hop started to gain increasing popularity in Europe along with the then well established house music and dance scene.[citation needed] British DJs decided to put a local spin on the international phenomenon and developed hip hop into a different style, marking the birth of trip hop.[citation needed] Originators in Bristol modified hip hop by adding a laid-back beat ("down tempo") – Bristol's signature sound in hip hop (trip hop's predecessor) was characterized by its emphasis on slow and heavy drum beats and a sound drawing heavily on acid jazz, Jamaican and dub music.[citation needed] Under the influence of American hip hop from the 1980s, both black and white British youth became consumers of hip hop.[citation needed] Hip hop in the UK was immediately fused with black soul and elements of dancehall.[citation needed]

The term trip hop was coined by music journalist Andy Pemberton in the June 1994 issue of UK magazine Mixmag to describe the hip hop instrumental "In/Flux", a 1993 single by DJ Shadow, and other similar tracks released on the Mo' Wax label and being played in London clubs at the time. "In/Flux", with its mixed up bpms, spoken word samples, strings, melodies, bizarre noises, prominent bass, and slow beats, gave the listener the impression they were on a musical trip, according to Pemberton.[2] James Brendall termed the experience of trip hop with the combination of "computers and dope".[citation needed]

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