Tropic of Capricorn

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Coordinates: 23°26′17″S 0°0′0″W / 23.43806°S 0°E / -23.43806; 0 (Prime Meridian)

The Tropic of Capricorn, or Southern tropic, marks the most southerly latitude at which the sun can appear directly overhead. This event occurs at the December solstice, when the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun to its maximum extent.

Tropic of Capricorn is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It currently (Epoch 2010) lies 23° 26′ 16″ south of the Equator.[1]

It is currently drifting north at the rate of almost half a second (0.47″) of latitude, which is about 15 metres, per year (it was at exactly 23º 27' S in year 1917).[2]



Map of all coordinates from Bing

The northern hemisphere equivalent of the Tropic of Capricorn is the Tropic of Cancer. Latitudes south of the Tropic of Capricorn are in the Southern Temperate Zone. The region north of the Tropic of Capricorn and south of the Tropic of Cancer is known as the tropics.

The position of the Tropic of Capricorn is not fixed, but rather it varies in a complex manner over time; see under circles of latitude for information.

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the Tropic of Capricorn passes through:

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