Tufnell Park

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Tufnell Park is an area of north London, England which straddles the border of the London Borough of Islington and the London Borough of Camden.

Contents

History

Origins

Tufnell Park Road runs along the line of an old Roman road which stretches from the Roman camp beneath Barclays Bank and Batten's Carpets on the Holloway Road up Dartmouth Hill and over Hampstead Heath.[1] For centuries the area was renowned for its dairy farms which kept London to the south supplied with milk.

It kept a rural air well into the 19th century in its important role as a base for a number of dairies supplying the capital. In 1753 the area became the property of William Tufnell who was granted the manor of Barnsbury by his father-in-law Sir William Halton. The manor (now demolished) stood on the site of the Holloway Odeon. The manor's gateposts can still be seen however towards the west end of Tufnell Park Road. Tufnell petitioned parliament for permission to develop his estate but the leases he was granted were left unused. William's father was Samuel Tufnell of Langleys in Essex. William also inherited Nun Monkton in Yorkshire and estates in Northumberland from his great uncle Nathaniel Payler, he inherited Pleshy from his godfather William Joliffe these estates went to his older brother John Jolliffe Tufnell of Langleys

The Tufnell Park estate passed to his brother George Foster Tufnell MP for Beverley (d 1798) then to George's son William Tufnell (d 1809) MP for Colchester who married in 1804 into a fortune owned by Mary Carleton (daughter of Thomas Carleton of South Carleton d.1829) both are buried at St Mary’s Islington, hence her maiden name appearing as two street names in N7. William was the brother of Lt. Col. John Charles Tufnell of Bath (leased Lackham House, Laycock in Wiltshire in 1877) banker m. 1796 Uliana Ivanova Margaret Fowell (d. 29/1/1848) daughter of John Fowell of Bishopbourne), they had 18 children on of which was Edward Wyndam Tufnell the first Bishop of Brisbane

The manor then passed to Henry Tufnell (d 1854) MP for Ipswich and Devonport, liberal chief whip, Lord of the treasury m. Anne Augusta Wilmot-Horton (daughter of the Governor of Ceylon d.17/9/1843), m. 2 1844 Frances Byng (daughter of Sir John Byng Earl of Staffford, d. 1846), m.3. 1848 Lady Anne Primrose (daughter of Earl of Rosebery, d. 1862)

The estate then passed to Henry Archibald Tufnell (d 1898) who died with no children then to Lt Col Edward Tufnell (d 1909) HM Inspector of schools, Factory Commissioner, Director Greenwich Hospital m. 1846 Honoria Mary Macadam (daughter of Col. Macadam Knight of Hanover, d.1877)

Development

Serious building began in the 1845 with a scheme sponsored by Henry Tufnell and designed by John Shaw Jr - who had laid out the Eton Estate in Chalk Farm. This initial work was largely limited to the area around Carleton Road. In 1865 the scheme was taken up by George Truefitt who developed most of the local villas and St. George's Church (1865) - built for Anglican secessionists. The housing stock was of a solid nature, and Tufnell Park kept its good name until the end of the century. Charles Booth in his survey of London Life and Labour reported that the older streets (Anson Road and Carleton Road) housed a mixture of retired merchants and music hall artistes who were rich enough to holiday abroad over winter. He believed that second wave of building around Hugo, Corinne, Huddleston and Archibald Roads threatened to create a metropolis "from which the rich would soon be going". The private girls school established at the corner of Carleton and Brecknock Road was closed in 1878 after many of its pupils drowned in the Princess Alice disaster

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