Tung Chee Hwa

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Tung Chee Hwa, GBM (born 7 July 1937, Shanghai, China) was the first Chief Executive and President of the Executive Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

As the eldest son of Chinese shipping magnate Tung Chao Yung who founded Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL), Tung took over the family business after the death of his father in 1981. Four years later, OOCL teetered on the edge of bankruptcy in 1985, and the business was saved by the government of the People's Republic of China through Henry Fok in 1986.

After the handover of Hong Kong, he became the first chief executive officer in Hong Kong on 1 July 1997, and took his unfinished second term in 2002.[1]

Vast dissatisfaction among the public towards Tung grew through his tenure. In 2003, more than 500,000 protesters demanded that Tung step down. Tung resigned on 10 March 2005, only three years into his second term.

He is currently a Vice Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Politics Consultative Conference.[2] and remains active in public service. In 2008, he formed the China-United States Exchange Foundation, a group that aims to promote better understanding between the two countries.


Early political life

A graduate of the University of Liverpool, Tung was known as a conservative businessman with traditional Chinese values and strong connections to the China Government.

Before 1997, he was appointed by the Hong Kong British government to take a seat in Executive Council of Hong Kong.

In early 1997, Tung saw his victory in the first Chief Executive election,[3] in the voting conducted by 400 committees of electoral college whose members are appointed by the Chinese Government.

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