Tuscarora Reservation, New York

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The Tuscarora Reservation (Nyučirhéʼę[1] in Tuscarora) is an Indian reservation in Niagara County, New York, United States. The population was 1,138 at the 2000 census. The Tuscarora are a tribe of the Iroquois.



The Tuscarora tribe was previously located in North Carolina, but moved north after conflict with European settlers at the beginning of the 18th Century as a result of the Tuscarora War. They first located in the territory of the Oneida tribe in central New York. Subsequently, the Tuscarora, like the Oneida, were allies of the American cause during the American Revolution and the War of 1812, suffering in each case from attacks of the British and their allies. They were given land from the Seneca tribe (the territory they had taken from the then-defeated Neutral Nation) in 1797, and, in 1803, were granted a reservation in Niagara County.

In 1960, by means of the efforts of Robert Moses, New York State seized 550 acres (2.2 km2) of the Tuscarora reservation to form a reservoir for the Robert Moses Niagara Power Plant operated by the New York Power Authority. New York needed 1,350 acres (5.5 km2) but only received 550 acres (2.2 km2) and had to pay $1,500 per acre per a United States Supreme Court Decision.[2] This lead to a displacement of tribal members and a serious disruption to their economy.

In 2003, the Power Authority agreed to compensate the tribe and return some unused land.

The reservation is a composite holding derived from (1) land given to the tribe the Seneca tribe, Land donated by the Holland Land Company, and (3) Trust territory held by the federal government.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the Indian reservation has a total area of 9.3 mi² (24.0 km²), all land. The reservation is located northeast of Niagara Falls, New York.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,138 people, 398 households, and 284 families residing in the Indian reservation. The population density was 122.8/mi² (47.4/km²). There were 398 housing units at an average density of 42.9/mi² (16.6/km²).

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