Tyringham, Massachusetts

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Tyringham is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 350 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Founded as Housatonic Township Number 1, the land which became Tyringham and Monterey was first settled in 1735. The two main villages were set up along two waterways, Hop Brook to the north and the Konkapot River to the south. In 1750, Adonijah Bidwell, a Yale Divinity School graduate from the Hartford, Connecticut region became the first minister of Township No. 1. When a meetinghouse was founded in the south, it led to a buildup in the north, and by 1767 the town was incorporated, and was named for Tyringham, a village in Milton Keynes, England. The town was home to a Shaker Village, called "Jerusalem," which lay just south of the town center.[1] The town of Monterey was set off and incorporated as its own town in 1847. The town was the site of several small country estates for the wealthy, most of which are long gone, leaving Tyringham as a small, rural community.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.9 square miles (49.0 km²), of which, 18.7 square miles (48.4 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (1.22%) is water. The town is four sided, and is bordered by Lee to the north, Becket and Otis to the east, Monterey to the south, and Great Barrington. Tyringham is located 16 miles south of Pittsfield, 39 miles west-northwest of Springfield, and 125 miles west of Boston.

Tyringham is located in the Hop Brook Valley in the Berkshire Hills. To the northeast of the valley, Baldy Mountain rises to a large plateau which stretches into the neighboring towns, and includes Goose Pond. To the southwest of the valley, two mountain peaks - Mount Wilcot and Hunger Mountain - rise in a plateau in neighboring Monterey. The Appalachian Trail passes through the town, winding down Sky Hill (a part of Mount Wilcot), then sweeps through the valley and over Baldy Mountain and towards Becket Mountain.

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