Umberto II of Italy

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Umberto II, occasionally anglicized as Humbert II, (15 September 1904  – 18 March 1983) was the last King of Italy, nicknamed the King of May (Italian: Re di Maggio)

Contents

Biography

He was born at Racconigi, in Piedmont. He was the third child, and the only son, of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and Princess Elena of Montenegro. He served as the last King of Italy for slightly over a month, from 9 May 1946 to 12 June 1946. He renounced the title of King of Albania, which was held by his father after Italy's invasion of the country, and personally asked King Zog I for forgiveness for taking his throne[citation needed].

Umberto was married in Rome on 8 January 1930 to Marie José of Belgium (1906–2001). His children included: Maria Pia (born 1934), Vittorio Emanuele (born 1937), Maria Gabriella (born 1940), Maria Beatrice (born 1943).

Prince of Piedmont

The Prince of Piedmont was born in Racconigi and educated to a military career and in time became the commander in chief of the Northern Armies, and then of the Southern ones. However, his role was merely formal, the de facto command belonging to Benito Mussolini. By mutual agreement, Umberto and Mussolini always kept a distance. An attempted assassination of the Prince took place in Brussels on 24 October 1929, the day of the announcement of his betrothal to Princess Marie José. The Prince was about to lay a wreath on the Tomb of the Belgian Unknown Soldier at the foot of the Congreskolom. With a cry of 'Down with Mussolini!' the culprit, Fernando de Rosa, fired a single shot that missed the Prince of Piedmont. De Rosa was arrested and under interrogation claimed to be a member of the Second International.

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