Union, New York

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Union is a town in Broome County, New York. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 56,298. The name derives from the town having served as a rendezvous for the Sullivan Expedition.

The Town of Union is in the south-central part of the county, west of Binghamton. The communities of Union form the western suburbs of Binghamton. Two communities, Johnson City and Endicott, along with Binghamton, make up the "Triple Cities."



The region was first settled by Americans/Europeans around 1782.

During the American Revolution, detachments of soldiers were sent through this region with the intent of attacking natives who were friendly to the British. Documented attacks on native villages in present-day Binghamton, Vestal, and Choconut Township, Pennsylvania indicate that many natives were killed in these incursions in 1779. Particular note is the advances of General Poor and General Sullivan, each leading troops in separate fronts. Their soldiers re-united at the site of Union, hence the name.

The Town of Union was established in 1791, while in Tioga County before the creation of Broome County. The town, a "mother town" of the county, was later reduced in size by the formation of other towns, the first being the Town of Owego (Then the "Town of Tioga") in 1800, followed by Lisle (1801), Greene (1808, now in Chenango County), Vestal (1823). and Maine (1848).

  • Also see the articles on Vestal and Binghamton for more Twin Tiers history.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.8 square miles (92.8 km²), of which, 35.2 square miles (91.1 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²) of it (1.87%) is water.

Union is on the north side of the Susquehanna River.

New York State Route 17 crosses from the north to the south side of the Susquehanna in Union. New York State Route 26 and New York State Route 38B intersect by Union Center. New York State Route 201 connects Union to the Town of Vestal on the south side of the Susquehanna River. New York State Route 17C is an east-west highway in the south part of Union.

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