Union County, Florida

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Union County is a county located in the state of Florida. The U.S. Census Bureau 2005 estimate for the county was 14,916.[1] The county seat is Lake Butler.[2]



Union County was created in 1921 from part of Bradford County. It was named to honor the concept of unity. Union County is the location of Union Correctional Institution and the Reception Medical Center (RMC).[3] Union CI is a maximum security prison and is home to part of Florida's Death Row. The death chamber is located at nearby Florida State Prison (FSP). Florida State Prison also houses some death-row inmates.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 250 square miles (647 km²), of which 240 square miles (622 km²) are land and 9 square miles (24 km², 3.77%) are water. In area, it is the smallest county in Florida.

Adjacent counties


At the 2000 census[4], there were 13,442 people, 3,367 households and 2,606 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 per square mile (22/km²). There were 3,736 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.62% White, 22.84% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. 3.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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