Union Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey

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Union Township is a Township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 6,160. The southwest half of the township lies on what is known as the Hunterdon Plateau, the northwest corner consists of the Musconetcong Ridge and the northeast section is part of the lower-lying Newark Basin around Spruce Run Reservoir.

Union Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 17, 1853, from portions of Bethlehem Township. Clinton Town was formed on April 5, 1865, within portions of the township, and became an independent municipality in 1895.[5]

Union Township was formed from the southern part of Bethlehem Township in 1853. It was named for Union Furnace which was producing iron as early as 1700. Union Furnace and its forge produced cannon balls for the Revolutionary War and shoes for horses and oxen, as well as farm implements. Forests gave way to farm fields as trees were cut down to stoke the furnace. A farm community then developed along with the accompanying industries of basket making and tanning.[6]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Union Township as its 21st best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[7]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.3 km²), of which, 19.0 square miles (49.1 km²) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.2 km²) of it (7.87%) is water.


Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 6,160 people, 1,666 households, and 1,162 families residing in the township. The population density was 324.8 people per square mile (125.4/km²). There were 1,725 housing units at an average density of 90.9/sq mi (35.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 81.83% White, 13.36% African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.59% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.13% of the population.

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