United Airlines Flight 93

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United Airlines Flight 93 was United Airlines' morning, daily scheduled transcontinental flight, from Newark International Airport in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport in San Francisco, California. On Tuesday, September 11, 2001, the aircraft flying this route—a Boeing 757-222—was hijacked by four al-Qaeda terrorists, and subsequently crashed into a field, as part of the September 11 attacks.

Approximately 46 minutes into the flight, the hijackers breached the cockpit, overpowered the pilots which allowed trained pilot Ziad Jarrah to take control of the aircraft, and divert it toward Washington, D.C. It is widely presumed the intended target was the United States Capitol; however, evidence remains inconclusive.[1] Several passengers and crew members made telephone calls aboard the flight and learned about the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. As a result of this knowledge, the passengers decided to mount an assault against the hijackers in an attempt to regain control of the aircraft.

The plane crashed in a field in Stonycreek Township, near Shanksville, in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, about 80 miles (130 km) southeast of Pittsburgh and 150 miles (240 km) northwest of Washington, D.C., killing all on board including the four hijackers. Many witnessed the impact from the ground and news agencies began reporting on the event within an hour. The plane fragmented upon impact, leaving a crater, and some debris was blown miles from the crash site. The remains of everyone on board the aircraft were later identified. Subsequent analysis of the flight recorders revealed how the actions taken by the passengers prevented the aircraft from reaching the hijackers' intended target. A permanent memorial is planned for construction on the crash site, and is scheduled to be constructed and completed for 2011.

Of the four aircraft hijacked on September 11 (the others were American Airlines Flight 11, American Airlines Flight 77 and United Airlines Flight 175), United Airlines Flight 93 was the only one that failed to reach its intended target.

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