V6 engine

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A V6 engine is a V engine with six cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two banks of three cylinders, usually set at either a right angle or an acute angle to each other, with all six pistons driving a common crankshaft. It is the second most common engine configuration in modern cars after the inline four.[1]

The V6 is one of the most compact engine configurations, shorter than the straight 4 and in many designs narrower than the V8 engine, and is well suited to the popular transverse engine front-wheel drive layout. It is becoming more common as the space allowed for engines in modern cars is reduced at the same time as power requirements increase, and has largely replaced the inline-6, which is too long to fit in many modern engine compartments. Although it is more complicated and not as smooth as the inline 6, the V6 is more compact, more rigid, and less prone to torsional vibrations in the crankshaft. The V6 engine has become widely adopted for medium-sized cars, often as an optional engine where a straight-4 is standard, or as a base engine where a V8 is a higher-cost performance option.

Recent V6 engines have delivered horsepower and torque output comparable to contemporary V8 engines, while reducing fuel consumption and emissions, such as the Volkswagen Group's G60 3.0 TFSI which is supercharged and directly injected, and Ford Motor Company's turbocharged and directly injected EcoBoost V6, both of which have been compared to Volkswagen's 4.2 V8 engine.[1]

Modern V6 engines commonly range in displacement from 2.5 to 4.3 L (150 to 260 cu in), though larger and smaller examples have been produced.

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