Valparaíso Region

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The V Valparaíso Region (Spanish: V Región de Valparaíso) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.[FN 1] With the country's third highest population of 1,539,852 million in 2002 and third smallest area of 16,396.1 km2 (6,331 sq mi), the region is Chile's second most densely populated after the Santiago Metropolitan Region to the southeast.[1]

Its capital is the port city of Valparaíso, other important cities include Viña del Mar, Quilpué and Villa Alemana.


Geography and natural features

The region is on the same latitude as the Santiago Metropolitan Region. Its capital is Valparaíso, which is the site for the National Congress of Chile and an important commercial port. Also in this region is the top resort city of Viña del Mar. Additionally, the Pacific Islands of Easter Island (Isla de Pascua), Isla Salas y Gómez, the Juan Fernandez Islands and the Desventuradas Islands fall under the Valparaíso Region's administration.

The Valparaíso Region is part of the very restricted range of the endangered Chilean Wine Palm, Jubaea chilensis; in prehistoric times this endemic Chilean tree had a significantly larger range.[FN 2]


The Region of Valparaiso, is populated by a total of 1,711,876 inhabitants. The population density reached 94.1 inhabitants/km ². 91.6% of the population lives in urban areas and only 8.4% of the population lives in rural areas.

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