Varese

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Varese About this sound listen (pronounced [vaˈreːze] in Italian; Baretium in Latin) is a town and comune in north-western Lombardy, northern Italy, 55 km north of Milan.

It is the capital of the Province of Varese. The hinterland or urban part of the city is called Varesotto.

Contents

Geography

The town of Varese lies at the feet of Sacro Monte di Varese, which is part of the Campo dei Fiori mountain range. The town also looks over Lake Varese.

Demographics

Varese, like the province, has a very high immigrant population owing to both its economy (many multi-national companies and the nearby EU institution JRC) and its location (proximity to Milan makes it an ideal place for the latter city's workers).

History

In 1859, Giuseppe Garibaldi confronted Austrian forces led by Field Marshal-Lieutenant Carl Baron Urban near Varese. Also, it was here were Alessandro Marchetti's Savoia-Marchetti SM.93 made his first test flights.

Transport

The town is served by both the state-run Ferrovie dello Stato (FS) and Ferrovie Nord Milano (Le Nord), both of which run high-frequency train services to Milan. In addition, there is a project under way to connect Varese with Malpensa Airport; this line would then continue past Varese to Mendrisio and Lugano in Switzerland. Construction of the Varese-Mendrisio section (17.7 kilometers (11 mi) long) is expected to begin in 2009.[1]

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