related topics
{car, race, vehicle}
{ship, engine, design}
{theory, work, human}
{company, market, business}
{specie, animal, plant}
{water, park, boat}
{area, part, region}
{language, word, form}
{woman, child, man}

A vehicle (Latin: vehiculum) is a device that is designed or used to transport people or cargo. Most often vehicles are manufactured (e.g. bicycles, cars, motorcycles, trains, ships, boats, and aircraft).[1]

Vehicles that do not travel on land often are called craft, such as watercraft, sailcraft, aircraft, hovercraft, and spacecraft.

Land vehicles are classified broadly by what is used to apply steering and drive forces against the ground: wheeled, tracked, railed, or skied. ISO 3833- 1977 is the standard, also internationally used in legislation, for road vehicles types, terms and definitions[2]


History of vehicles

  • The oldest boats to be found by archaeological excavation are logboats from around 7,000–9,000 years ago,[3][4][5][6]
  • a 7,000 year-old seagoing boat made from reeds and tar has been found in Kuwait.[7]
  • Boats were used between 4000BCE-3000BCE in Sumer,[8] ancient Egypt[9] and in the Indian Ocean.[8]
  • There is evidence of camel pulled wheeled vehicles about 3000–4000 BCE.[10]
  • The earliest evidence of a wagonway, a predecessor of the railway, found so far was the 6 to 8.5 km long Diolkos wagonway, which transported boats across the Isthmus of Corinth in Greece since around 600 BC.[11][12][13][14][15] Wheeled vehicles pulled by men and animals ran in grooves in limestone, which provided the track element, preventing the wagons from leaving the intended route.[15]

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