Vermillion County, Indiana

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Indiana county number 83

Vermillion County is a county in western Indiana which lies between the Illinois border and the Wabash River. It was officially established in 1824 and was the 50th Indiana county to be formed; the 92nd and final county was established in 1859. It is included in the Terre Haute, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county seat is Newport.[1]

According to the 2000 census, the population was 16,788 with 6,762 households;[2] the 2009 population estimate was 16,172.[3] It has a population density of about 65 inhabitants per square mile (25 /km2).[4] The county contains seven incorporated towns with a total population of about 9,900, as well as several unincorporated communities. It is divided into five townships which provide local services to the residents.[5] The county is crossed by an interstate highway, two U.S. routes, five state roads, and a major railroad line.[6][7]



The first non-indigenous settlers in the area arrived in 1816. Vigo County was formed in 1818, and the area that later became Parke and Vermillion counties was part of it. In 1821, Parke County was formed out of part of Vigo County; on January 2, 1824, the Indiana General Assembly created Vermillion County out of Parke County, the act taking effect on February 1. The county seat was established at Newport later that year, and it has always remained there.[8]

The county was named for the southbound Vermilion River, which flows nearby. The name is spelled in the French style with a double letter "l", compared to the English spelling of the adjacent Vermilion County, Illinois. This is one of only a few cases in the United States in which a county borders a county with the same name in another state.[9]

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