Vic

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{land, century, early}
{city, large, area}
{food, make, wine}
{war, force, army}
{school, student, university}
{country, population, people}
{son, year, death}
{area, part, region}
{day, year, event}
{theory, work, human}

Vic (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈbik]) is the capital of the comarca of Osona, in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Vic's location, only 69 km far from Barcelona and 60 km from Girona, has made it one of the most important towns in central Catalonia.

Contents

History

Vic is of ancient origin. Vic, in past times, was called Ausa by the Romans. Iberian coins bearing this name have been found there. The Visigoths called it Ausona.

During the 8th and 9th centuries, Vic sat in the Spanish Marches that separated Frankish and Islamic forces. It was destroyed in 788 during a Muslim incursion. Afterwards only one quarter was rebuilt, which was called Vicus Ausonensis (vicus is Latin for city borough), from which the name Vic was derived. It was repopulated by Wilfred the Hairy in 878 who gained control over the high part of the city and gave up the lowest part to the bishop to construct the episcopal see. From then on, the city was ruled by the count of Barcelona and by the bishop of Vic.

At a council in Toulouges in 1027, the bishop of Vic established the first Peace and Truce of God that helped reduce private warfare.

During the 18th century the city was the first focus of the rebellion against the centralist policy of King Philip V of Spain. The conflict became the War of the Spanish Succession, which resulted in Catalonia losing its freedom as a nation.

In the early 20th century Vic had 9500 inhabitants, and in 1992 it hosted Roller Hockey events of the Barcelona 1992 Summer Olympics.

Ecclesiastical history

The bishopric is a suffragan of the archbishopric of Tarragona, bounded on the north by Girona, on the east by Girona and Barcelona, on the south by Barcelona and Tarragona, on the west by Tarragona and Lleida. It lies within the four Catalonian provinces, but the greater part of it in that of Barcelona.

Full article ▸

related documents
Westminster Abbey
Order of Friars Minor Capuchin
Monreale
Avignon
Full communion
Merton College, Oxford
Saint Andrew
Glendalough
Anglican Communion
Cathedral diagram
Indian (Malankara) Orthodox Church
Madonna (art)
Burgos
Baalbek
First Council of Nicaea
Dissolution of the Monasteries
Louvre
Alessandro Algardi
Thirty-Nine Articles
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Clergy
Girona
Synod of Whitby
Fresco
Antioch
Canonization
Ajanta Caves
Jansenism
Pallium
Celtic Christianity