Vishva Hindu Parishad

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Viśva Hindu Pariṣad (Devanāgarī: विश्व हिन्दु परिषद, English: World Hindu Council), which is usually known more simply as the VHP, is an international Hindu and allegedly militant organization [1][2], which was founded in India in 1964[3]. Its slogan is "धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः Dharmo rakṣati rakṣitaḥ", which is supposed to mean "Dharma protects it's protector". Its symbol is the banyan tree. The VHP is noted for its controversial stand in Hindu politics and there have been various demands for a ban on it by the Indian intelligentsia (along with the Bajrang Dal)

Contents

History

The right wing Vishwa Hindu Parishad organization was formed in 1964 by Swami Chinmayananda as president and former Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) member S.S. Apte as general secretary, with Master Tara Singh as one of the co-founders[4]. It was first mooted at a conference in Pawai, Sandipani Sadhanalaya, Mumbai on 29 August 1964. The conference was hosted by RSS sarsanghchalak M.S. Golwalkar. The date coincided with the festival of Janmashtami. Several representatives from the Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist and Jain faiths were present in the meeting, as well as the Dalai Lama. Golwalkar explained that "all faiths of Indian origins need to unite", saying that the word "Hindu" (i.e. people of "Hindustan") applied to adherents of all the above religions[5]. Apte declared:

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