Wallowa, Oregon

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Wallowa is a city in Wallowa County, Oregon, United States. The population was 869 at the 2000 census.



Wallowa was platted in 1889.[3] Wallowa is a Nez Perce word describing a triangular structure of stakes that in turn supported a network of sticks called lacallas to form a fish trap.[4] The Nez Perce put these traps in the Wallowa River below the outlet of Wallowa Lake.[4] The author of Oregon Geographic Names, Lewis A. McArthur, said that although the origin of this name is disputed, he puts great weight in Levi Ankeny who supplied this information as he was "thoroughly familiar with the early history and tradition of the Wallowa Valley" and "on intimate terms with many Indians who knew the facts of the matter".[4]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²), all of it land.[5]


Wallowa was known for its lumber mills and logging prior to about 1990, at which time the Union Pacific Railroad ran trains through the county several times a day. They traveled between Elgin and Joseph.[citation needed]


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 869 people, 350 households, and 248 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,414.7 people per square mile (550.0/km²). There were 396 housing units at an average density of 644.7/sq mi (250.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.51% White, 0.12% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 1.73% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.99% of the population.

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