Wallula, Washington

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Wallula is a census-designated place (CDP) in Walla Walla County, Washington, United States. The population was 197 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Lewis and Clark reached the area April 27, 1806, on their return journey from the Pacific. The expedition spent three days at the village of Chief Yallept and his tribe of Walla Wallas (relatives of the Nez Perce), in the company of about a hundred Yakamas. Lewis put the total people at around 550. There the expedition learned of an overland route to the Nez Perce homelands which shortened their route by some eighty miles.

During David Thompson's 1811 voyage down the Columbia River he camped at the junction with the Snake River on July 9, 1811, and erected a pole and a notice claiming the country for Great Britain and stating the intention of the North West Company to build a trading post at the site.

Western Settlement of the area began in 1818, when the North West Company built Fort Nez Perce at the mouth of the Walla Walla River. The location was chosen to compete with the Hudson's Bay Company for the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest. That site was maintained until 1855.

The first railroad to connect Walla Walla with the Columbia River at Wallula was begun in 1871. The 30-mile line, called the Walla Walla and Columbia River Railroad, was completed October 23, 1875. The line would later become a part of the Northern Pacific Railroad. To save money, the original rails were wooden with strap iron on the upper surface.

In 1883, the Northern Pacific completed its line from St. Paul, Minnesota, to present-day Wallula, Washington, where it connected to the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company tracks down the south side of the Columbia River.

Geography

Wallula is located at 46°5′4″N 118°54′23″W / 46.08444°N 118.90639°W / 46.08444; -118.90639 (46.084446, -118.906256).[3]

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