Walter Gropius

related topics
{work, book, publish}
{son, year, death}
{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{@card@, make, design}
{school, student, university}
{theory, work, human}
{company, market, business}
{group, member, jewish}
{service, military, aircraft}

Peter Behrens (1908–1910)

Fagus Factory
Factory Buildings at the Werkbund Exhibition (1914)
Village College
Gropius House
Harvard Graduate Center
University of Baghdad
John F. Kennedy Federal Office Building
Pan Am Building
Wayland High School

Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (May 18, 1883 – July 5, 1969) was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School[1] who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture.


Early life

Born in Berlin, Walter Gropius was the third child of Walter Adolph Gropius and Manon Auguste Pauline Scharnweber. Gropius married Alma Mahler (1879–1964), widow of Gustav Mahler. Walter and Alma's daughter, named Manon after Walter's mother, was born in 1916. When Manon died of polio at age eighteen, composer Alban Berg wrote his Violin Concerto in memory of her (it is inscribed "to the memory of an angel"). Gropius and Alma divorced in 1920. (Alma had by that time established a relationship with Franz Werfel, whom she later married.) In 1923 Gropius married Ise (Ilse) Frank (d. 1983), and they remained together until his death. They adopted Beate Gropius, also known as Ati.

Early career

Walter Gropius, like his father and his great-uncle Martin Gropius before him, became an architect. Gropius could not draw, and was dependent on collaborators and partner-interpreters throughout his career. In school he hired an assistant to complete his homework for him. In 1908 Gropius found employment with the firm of Peter Behrens, one of the first members of the utilitarian school. His fellow employees at this time included Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, and Dietrich Marcks.

Full article ▸

related documents
Marie Bashkirtseff
Ernest Thompson Seton
Thomas J. Watson
Sofia Kovalevskaya
Louise Erdrich
Oscar de la Renta
Astrid Lindgren
Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie
Ronald Syme
Mortimer Wheeler
Eero Saarinen
Carol Shields
Georg Joachim Rheticus
Olaus Rudbeck
Yevgeny Zamyatin
Peter Fleming
Terry Waite
Herman Potočnik
Carl Sandburg
Margret Rey
Howell Harris
Max Ernst
Andrey Kolmogorov
Lucy Maud Montgomery
Walter Annenberg
Francis Maitland Balfour
Hitler Diaries
Banjo Paterson