Washington Irving

related topics
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{film, series, show}
{land, century, early}
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{area, community, home}
{day, year, event}
{black, white, people}
{war, force, army}
{company, market, business}
{game, team, player}
{god, call, give}
{service, military, aircraft}
{language, word, form}
{build, building, house}
{village, small, smallsup}

Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th century. He was best known for his short stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle", both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors, and the Alhambra. Irving also served as the U.S. minister to Spain from 1842 to 1846.

He made his literary debut in 1802 with a series of observational letters to the Morning Chronicle, written under the pseudonym Jonathan Oldstyle. After moving to England for the family business in 1815, he achieved international fame with the publication of The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. in 1819. He continued to publish regularly—and almost always successfully—throughout his life, and completed a five-volume biography of George Washington just eight months before his death, at age 76, in Tarrytown, New York.

Irving, along with James Fenimore Cooper, was among the first American writers to earn acclaim in Europe, and Irving encouraged American authors such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Edgar Allan Poe. Irving was also admired by some European writers, including Sir Walter Scott, Lord Byron, Thomas Campbell, Francis Jeffrey, and Charles Dickens. As America's first genuine internationally best-selling author, Irving advocated for writing as a legitimate profession, and argued for stronger laws to protect American writers from copyright infringement.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
List of Canadian writers
Edgar Allan Poe
Richard Francis Burton
D. H. Lawrence
Rudyard Kipling
James Joyce
Frances Burney
Louis Leakey
J. R. R. Tolkien
Alexander Graham Bell
Philip Larkin
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jane Austen
Jonathan Swift
Primo Levi
Jean de La Fontaine
George VI of the United Kingdom
George V of the United Kingdom
The Count of Monte Cristo
Charles, Prince of Wales
House of Bourbon
Richard II of England
Sally Hemings
Robert Falcon Scott
William III of England
The Way of All Flesh (novel)
Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg
Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor
Kurt Tucholsky
George III of the United Kingdom