Waxhaw, North Carolina

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Waxhaw is a town located in Union County, North Carolina.

Contents

Geography

Waxhaw is located at 34°55′42″N 80°44′41″W / 34.92833°N 80.74472°W / 34.92833; -80.74472 (34.928201, -80.744835)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km²), all of it land. Waxhaw is located north of Lancaster, South Carolina and lies about 12 miles south of Charlotte, North Carolina.

Waxhaw is located in a historic region called the Waxhaws, named after the indigenous Native American tribe that lived in the territory in historic times. It is in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, which is wooded with rolling hills. This region is where gold was first discovered in the United States. The Howie Gold Mine is not far from the city limits.

History

Waxhaw takes its name from the Waxhaws, named after the historic American Native American tribe that inhabited the region. The community was settled by European-Americans in the mid-18th century, of mostly German and Scots-Irish origin. They became subsistence farmers and were known for being independent. Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States, was born nearby in 1767. There is some disagreement as to which of the Carolinas was his birthplace, due to the proximity of the border.

The arrival of the railroad in 1901, with access to the markets of Atlanta, helped the town reach prosperity. The tracks were laid directly through the center of town, showing the importance of the railroad. They remain on the street, now bordered by a green, grassy strip dividing the rows of stores on each side.

Beginning in the late 19th century, the community was developed with cotton mills for manufacturing textiles. The railroad helped increase access for its products. Cotton manufacturing was important to the region through the 1940s. Postwar changes in the economy, with shifts of the textile industry to jobs to other areas and out of the country, required the community to adapt to new conditions.

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