West Bengal

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পশ্চিমবঙ্গ

Density

904 /km2 (2,341 /sq mi)

West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo, pronounced [poʃtʃim bɔŋɡo]( listen)) is a state in the eastern region of India and is the nation's fourth most populous.[1] It is also the seventh most populous sub-national entity in the world.[1] West Bengal is the third largest contributor to India's GDP.[3] West Bengal, together with Bangladesh lying on its east, forms the historical and geographical region of Bengal. To its northeast lie the states of Assam and Sikkim and the country of Bhutan, and to its southwest lies the state of Orissa. To the west, it borders the states of Jharkhand and Bihar, and to the northwest, Nepal.

The Bengal region was part of several kingdoms and dynasties of Indian history. The British East India Company cemented their hold on the region following the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and the city of Calcutta, now Kolkata, served for many years as the capital of British India. A hotbed of the Indian independence movement through the early 20th century, Bengal was divided in 1947 along religious lines into two separate entities, West Bengal—a state of India, and East Bengal, then a part of the new nation of Pakistan which later became modern-day Bangladesh. Following India's independence in 1947, West Bengal's economic and political systems were dominated for many decades by Marxism, Naxalite movements and trade unionism.[4][5][6][7][8]

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