West Berlin

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Flag of West Berlin

Flag

West Berlin was a political exclave that existed between 1949 and 1990. It comprised the western regions of Berlin, which were bordered by East Berlin and parts of the German Democratic Republic. West Berlin consisted of the American, British, and French occupation sectors, which had been established in 1945. It was politically closely affiliated with West Germany, although it had a special status, because its administration was formally conducted by the Allies. East Berlin encompassed the region occupied and administered by the Soviet Union, and was claimed as capital by East Germany. The Western Allies did not recognise this claim, as they asserted that the entire city of Berlin was legally under four-power administration. The building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 physically divided East Berlin and West Berlin until the Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

With about two million inhabitants, West Berlin had the highest number of residents of any city in Cold War-era Germany.

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