West Manchester Township, Pennsylvania

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West Manchester Township is a township in York County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 17,035 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

In 1799, West Manchester Township was formed from part of the western portions of Manchester Township. Farming, weaving, and milling were among the major occupations.

During the 1863 Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War, the township was a main thoroughfare for two invading forces of the Confederate Army. On June 28, 1863, Major General Jubal A. Early's division marched east-west through the township en route to seize York. On July 1, J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry rode north-south through the township following the Battle of Hanover on their way to Dover. West Manchester Township farmers and residents lost horses and mules to the Confederates.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 20.1 square miles (52.0 km²), of which, 20.0 square miles (51.9 km²) of it is land and 0.05% is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 17,035 people, 7,130 households, and 4,762 families residing in the township. The population density was 849.5 people per square mile (328.0/km²). There were 7,417 housing units at an average density of 369.9/sq mi (142.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.52% White, 1.68% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There are 7,130 households out of which 26.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.83.

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