West Point, Virginia

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West Point is an incorporated town in King William County, Virginia, United States. The population was 2,867 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

West Point is located at 37°32′37″N 76°48′19″W / 37.54361°N 76.80528°W / 37.54361; -76.80528 (37.543733, -76.805366)[3]. The York River is formed at West Point by the confluence of the Mattaponi and Pamunkey Rivers, and from there, separates the Peninsula and Middle Peninsula regions of eastern Virginia as it flows approximately 40 miles to the Chesapeake Bay.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.7 square miles (17.2 km²), of which, 5.2 square miles (13.3 km²) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²) of it (23.12%) is water.

History

The current site of West Point was once the site of Cinquoteck, a Native American village of the local Mattaponi, a tribe affiliated with the Algonquian-speaking Powhatan Confederacy. During the first half of the 17th century, the Confederacy and the English colonists who established their first permanent settlement at Jamestown in 1607 were frequently in conflict. By mid-century, the Natives had been largely overcome by the ever-expanding Colony of Virginia, including the area of Cinquoteck. By treaty, the colonial government established reservations for the Mattaponi and Pamunkey in this area. More than 350 years later, Pamunkey and Mattaponi members continue to occupy the reservations, located a few miles north of modern-day West Point. Both are state-recognized tribes.

In 1655, the former site of Cinquetock had been absorbed within the boundaries of Port Richmond West Plantation. It was the home of John West, who had been a Governor of Virginia from 1635 to 1637.

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